Criminal Court System: Overview of the Basic Process

Criminal Court System BasicsIn last week’s blog, we discussed the basics of the criminal justice process, including all the different components of the system. In today’s blog post, we’re going to give a basic overview of the process that occurs when a crime is observed and reported. The details differ from case to case, but the basics remain the same. Remember, if you have a loved one in jail, call a Broomfield County bail agent to obtain bail bonds quickly.

Overview of the Criminal Court System

Reporting the Crime: When a crime is reported to the police, they will begin investigating the alleged crime. Law enforcement officers will get reports and statements from witnesses, victims, etc. Once they have enough evidence to establish probable cause and obtain a warrant, the defendant will be arrested.

Arrest and Charges: When a suspect is arrested, they will be booked in jail. Next, the prosecution will consider the evidence to determine the charges that will be filed against the defendant.

Court Appearance: If formal charges are filed, the defendant will be brought to the court and will be formally charged and informed of his or her rights. During this time, bail is set, and the defendant is provided with a public defender, if they qualify.

Preliminary Hearing & Arraignment: In Colorado, judges hold a preliminary hearing to hear evidence. At this point, the judge either formally charges the defendant, or they are released. Next, the arraignment takes place, where the defendant pleads not guilty or guilty. If the defendant pleads guilty, the defendant is sentenced without a trial. If the defendant pleads not guilty, a date is set for the trail.

Trial Process: In most situations, cases are resolved through plea agreements vs. a trial. In this situation, the defendant agrees to plead guilty to lesser charges in order to obtain a lesser offense. If a plea agreement is not reached, a trial will be held, either with a judge or a jury. Both sides will present evidence and question witnesses. At the completion, the judge or jury will issue a not guilty or guilty verdict. If a guilty verdict is reached.

Sentencing: If a guilty verdict is reached at trial, the judge will sentence the defendant at sentencing. Many factors are considered during this process.

Probation or Parole: In some cases, judges suspend jail or prison time, opting for probation instead. Probation is a close supervision of the defendant, who must abide by the rules of the court. When a person is sentenced to jail or prison, after a while, they may be eligible for probation, which will allow them to be released under supervision.

Call All American Bail Bonds Colorado for a Fast Bailout

If you just got the news that a loved one has been arrested, then you are likely worried and panicked about their well-being. As you can see, the criminal court system can be confusing. It is important that you get help from someone who is experienced, and will be able to effectively advise you of the best steps to take after you hear of the arrest. Call All American Bail Colorado today to get fast bail bonds so your loved one can get back home where they belong!

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